Electric vehicles are a growing presence in our lives. On our streets, we can already see electric bikes, scooters, and cars.
If you have one of these cars or are thinking about getting one, this article will be of interest to you. We explain below some of the characteristics and tricks for getting the best charge.
Which is cheaper, electricity or petrol?
The big question that we think about when we are intending to buy an electric vehicle is whether it really is more economical to make the change, because the initial purchase of an electric vehicle is more expensive than that of a “traditional” car.
Although the increase in the price of electricity has reduced the difference in cost, it is still big enough to make considering a change worthwhile.
Another factor to take into consideration when deciding between an electric car or a “traditional” combustion car is the range of these vehicles.
Although electric vehicles have achieved ranges of up to around 600 km, in practice, the real average range is somewhere between 200 and 300 km.
Internal combustion cars, too, with optimal, non-aggressive driving and without reaching excessive speeds, have achieved ranges of 1000 km, although in practice, the real range is around 600 km.
Another big advantage of electric cars is that they are “clean” vehicles, as their name suggests. Because they do not have combustion engines, they do not emit particles and, therefore, do not create dirt that can become incrusted on the different elements of the vehicles, leading to mechanical faults.
Another point in their favour is the type of engine and the way it is built. While internal combustion engines require a fuel intake and small explosions to move the pistons, electric motors use electromagnets and a rotor.
Due to the government’s intention to move toward greener towns and cities, electric vehicles enjoy certain tax advantages.
The only tax shared by both types of vehicles is the 21% VAT. They are at an advantage in terms of other taxes, as western governments are committed to promoting their use. But you will still have to pay 21% VAT.
On the other hand, electric vehicles are not subject to vehicle registration, which is linked to the production of CO2.
Another area where they have an advantage is road tax, where they have a 75% reduction.
If you are thinking of using your vehicle for work, the self-employed and businesses will save 30% on personal income tax.
There are no deductions for petrol cars. In fact, governments are opting to increase or create specific taxes to discourage the use of combustion vehicles, regardless of the type of fuel they use (petrol or diesel).
How much does it cost to charge an electric car?
Cost may be the biggest sticking point for electric cars, as a petrol vehicle can be acquired for about €17,000, whereas a similar electric vehicle can cost €23,000. But this does not paint a true picture because, while the EV appears more expensive, it is cheaper in the long term.
How do I calculate the consumption of an electric car?
Even considering the cost of your electricity bill, which is expected to return to a normalized cost, and the fluctuations in the prices of petrol and diesel, we can establish a ratio where the price of petrol is approximately €1.40 per litre, whereas the equivalent in electricity is 0.1 cents. Moreover, low electricity demand is at night, which is when you will be charging your vehicle. This reduces the cost considerably.
How long does it take to charge an electric vehicle?
To know how long you will need to charge your vehicle, you need to remember that there are three types of charge, depending on your needs:
The only disadvantage of optimal charging is that it takes between 5 and 8 hours and we therefore recommend charging at fixed points, such as at home or at work, as this is where you will spend most time and can more easily have the car parked.
This type of charging is not yet widespread but is expected to be available at major public and private access points in the future, such as shopping centres and outdoor and indoor car parks; the charging time is between 1 hour and 3 hours.
Finally, we have fast charging in under 15 minutes, which is offered by fuel stations and outdoor charge points. The main goal is to provide a minimum charge to allow you to reach a slow-charge point.
The one thing to take into account when charging is that there is no universal socket. Each vehicle model has its own socket, which you need to take into account when looking for different charge points around the country, and which may also modify our chosen route on long journeys.
What are the extra advantages of electric cars compared to internal combustion cars?
The main difference is that, with an electric car, you will not experience any restrictions in low emission zones. These zones already exist both in Barcelona and Madrid and tend to cover the city centre.
Blue parking spaces will no longer be a problem, as electric cars do not have to pay.